Ultrasound in the assessment of musculoskeletal involvement in Systemic sclerosis

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Ultrasound in the assessment of musculoskeletal involvement in Systemic sclerosis

Annamaria Iagnocco, Fulvia Ceccarelli, Caterina Vavala, Angelica Gattamelata, Chiara Scirocco, Iolanda Maria Rutigliano, Guido Valesini

Abstract

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic connective disease in which the musculoskeletal involvement affects especially the hands and feet. Ultrasound (US) represents an important tool in the assessment of the joint and soft tissue involvement in this rheumatic disorder. Few authors have investigated the role of US in the evaluation of joints and peri-articular tissues in SSc patients. The current available literature regarding US applications in the assessment of musculoskeletal involvement in SSc has shown that US seems to be a useful tool in detecting the presence of inflammatory and structural abnormalities involving both joints and soft tissues. The aim of the present paper is to review the role of US in the assessment of musculoskeletal involvement in SSc.

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